One decision to make when incorporating is “How many shares do you want to authorize?”  A common misconception is that the number of authorized shares (which appears in the certificate or articles of incorporation) is necessarily equal to the total number of shares (e.g., to the founders).  However, there is a difference between “authorized” shares and… Read more »

“Issuing Equity” is the final episode of our 5 part video series exploring issues related to forming a company. Check out the previous parts of the series, Why Do I Need to Incorporate, Types of Corporations, Choosing an Entity Type and The Incorporation Process.  

“The Incorporation Process” is part 4 of a 5 part video series exploring issues related to forming a company. Next in the series is Issuing Equity. Also check out the previous parts of the series, Why Do I Need to Incorporate, Types of Corporations and Choosing an Entity Type.  

Given the nature of today’s global and online marketplace reality, international trademark protection is increasingly critical. A careful international trademark strategy helps your company expand and leverage your brand and business, while failing to protect your trademarks abroad can damage and dilute valuable assets and competitiveness. Why is international trademark protection important? Trademarks, including your… Read more »

It is easy in today’s tech-oriented society to view the world through the lens of the internet as simply one big marketplace, abound with opportunities for entrepreneurs and emerging companies – and it certainly is. However the laws, regulations and policy decisions of different jurisdictions remind us that it is not always that simple, and… Read more »

In years past, a private company stockholder would have expected to wait until the company went public or was acquired to receive any return on investment.  However, over the last several years, stockholders in many private companies have participated in so-called “liquidity rounds”, sometimes referred to as secondary sales, in which they sold all or… Read more »

Good entrepreneurs know that a company must protect its trade marks and its brand from the outset.  The primary means of doing so is to register trade marks in each of the territories in which the company does or intends to do business, but the ubiquitous nature of the Internet and its minimal barriers to entry… Read more »

If you discover someone making impermissible use of your trade mark in a domain name, you may want to take action to regain control of your trade mark.  The form of the action you take will depend on a number of factors, including the cost and speed of proceedings as well as, of course, your prospects… Read more »

The Terms of Use Agreement (“TOU”) and the Privacy Policy found on most websites govern the relationship between the website operator and all of its customers.  Although it may be tempting to copy and use online agreements posted on other websites to avoid the time and cost required to define your own agreement, this approach… Read more »

Should you obtain a patent? Patents provide inventors exclusive rights in their discoveries. Entrepreneurs in the pharmaceutical, life sciences, medical device and many other fields look favourably upon the benefits of patents, including: creating barriers to entry for competing products; discouraging potential patent litigants; enhancing company valuations; generating licensing revenue; and facilitating cross-licensing and other… Read more »